[Update] Persian Miniature | persian miniature – Pickpeup

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The brush dances on the blank page, the colors permeate through the page’s texture and combine with the artist’s verve to create a masterpiece called Persian Miniature. Getting inspired by nature, using vivid natural colors, and practicing Persian art allows Persian philosophy, aesthetics, and culture to find their places in Persian Miniature and display the most valuable concepts of life in an enchanting way. 

Looking at a piece of Persian Miniature is like observing a whole new world. The elements of the painting come to life, take your hand, and accompany you on a journey in which you can find yourself enjoying every little detail of these artworks. Let your imagination fly and perceive another level of art. 

What Does Persian Miniature Mean?

The Miniature is an art style that was popular in the middle ages. These small limnings were used on church walls, ceiling, and windows, as well as the margins of the holy book. In East Asia, especially in Japan and China, the art of Miniature was the main art style, and they use this art today as well. 

Although the Persian Miniature is similar to the east and west miniature in terms of size, it has major differences in style and concept.

Persian Miniature is called Negargari in Farsi, which literally translates to painting. On the other hand, in Persian language and poetry, “Negar” means the portrait of the loved one. The Persian Miniature artists believe that they link their souls and thoughts to a supreme power to practice the art and create their artwork, and that is why these works are so spiritual and out of this world.

The History of Persian Miniature

The early Persian Miniature works can be found in Dousheh Cave in Lorestan Province. Also, some paintings that are similar to Miniature can be seen in the Sassanid Dynasty; However, what we call Persian Miniature was created and shaped after the arrival of Islam in Iran. During the Safavid Dynasty, the kings appreciated art so much; therefore, they invested time and money on them. Getting inspired by Islamic art as well as Miniature in the east and west of the world, Persian Miniature reached perfection. 

Besides illustrating books with Persian Miniature, Iranians used this art and designed their clothes and dishes with it. You can find famous poetry books that show the beauty of Persian Miniature. Some of the unique works of Persian Miniature are using this art on camel bones to create jewelry boxes and panels. The Persian Miniature in the center of these works, and their margins are designed with illumination (a style of Persian art that creates symmetrical and geometrical patterns).

What Are the Main Features of Persian Miniature?

Different features make Persian Miniature special and beautiful for everyone. 

Lines

The main feature of Persian Miniature is the usage of “lines.” The smoothness and sharpness of lines make Persian Miniature different from drawing and create perspectives as well as expressing different feelings inside the painting. 

Portraits

A significant feature of Persian Miniature is the uniqueness of faces’ proportions. In Persian Miniature, the eyes are close to each other, and we can see unibrows as well. If we take a look at aesthetics elements in Iran during the Safavid Dynasty, we realize that having this form of eyes and eyebrows was considered beautiful and even heavenly. Iranians believed that those people that have unibrows are pure and look like flying birds. 

The lips in Persian Miniature draws as a thin and fine line like a rose blossom. In old Persian Poetry, poets used to simulate the lips of the loved one to red garnet and compare their mouth to the flower’s blossom. 

In order to give the faces a pure and graceful look, the Persian Miniature artists used to draw the nose very small with a thin line and used to add two little pores to it. 

Having long black hair with small curves on the forehead was a sign of beauty in Persian art, and poetry; you can spot these features in Persian Miniature as well.

Symmetrical Design

Another significant feature in Persian art in general and especially in Persian Miniature, is the symmetrical painting. In many Miniature paintings, you can see how one side of the work is entirely similar to another side. Every detail is repeated exactly, which makes Persian Miniature different from other artworks. However, in some other paintings, we see a balance between the left and right of the work without any similar detail except for the colors. The usage of color and its balance in Persian Miniature makes it eye-catching. 

Persian Miniature Materials

The artists need natural colors that can be made of different stones and plants. They also need different small-sized brushes, which are made of natural hair of mammals. The most popular brushes are made of horsehair, camel hair, and squirrel hair, but each of them has its particular usage because they keep the water in the hairs differently. The Persian Miniature artists’ canvas can be different objects such as paper, skin, fabric, ivory, bone, metals, potteries, and walls. 

What Are Some of the Persian Miniature Schools?

The changes in Persian Miniature over time and the influence of other cultures on it have created different schools (styles) that are equally fascinating. The name of these schools come from kings and kingdoms in different eras. 

Baghdad

One of the most important schools in Persian Miniature is called Baghdad. The significant feature of this school is the usage of animals in drawings and the pale color of the background. You can see the illustrations of Kalile o Demneh, written by Abdullah ibn al-Muqaffa, to get a better sense of this school. 

Seljuq 

This school focuses more on portraits and creates figures with big heads. The colors in Seljuq School are more vivid, and the usage of basic colors such as red, blue, and yellow is more obvious.

Tabriz

During the Safavid Dynasty, Tabriz school became popular among Persian Miniature artists. They got inspired by Chinese Miniatures and used more details as well as more colors to their works. Drawing the elements of nature along with human figures, create an amazing harmony. You can find these paintings in some precious and old Shahnameh, which is the famous book of the Persian poet, Ferdowsi. 

Qajar

The more modern form of Persian Miniature can be seen in the Qajar school in which the influence of Persian Culture is bold, and you can find more diversity of colors there, although the colors are not vivid. Qajar Miniature became more than an art that belonged only to the king. Iranian artists used this art in designing teahouses’ walls as well. 

The Impact of Persian Miniature on Persian Art

There is a two-way relationship between different arts. They have a strong impact on each other and can change various aspects of art. Persian Miniature got inspired by Persian Culture and spontaneously formed other aspects of Persian arts. 

Today, many artists use Persian Miniatures in the fashion industry to express the Persian Culture in a modern way. You can find the harmony of colors and the focus on symmetry in Persian Miniature in architectural design as well. 

How Can You Learn Persian Miniature?

If you want to learn this delicate and fantastic Persian art, you can use different websites and tutorial videos that teach you how to start. Also, many Persian Miniature Workshops held by Iranian artists all around the world give you the opportunity to learn. 

If you are not interested in painting, you can always travel to Iran and bring a Persian Miniature back to your country. 


Mughal miniature, the Padshahnama


In this short film, Emily Hannam discusses a pair of midseventeenth century paintings by the Mughal court artists Bichitr and Ramdas from the most famous South Asian manuscript in the Royal Collection, the Padshahnama (‘Book of Emperors’). Bichitr and Ramdas worked for the Mughal emperor ShahJahan (r.162858). By decoding the symbolism of the paintings, Emily explains how ShahJahan commissioned his artists to create paintings that celebrated the glory of his reign and dynasty. Through close visual analysis, she explores the materials, techniques and compositional frameworks that Bichitr and Ramdas employed to make manifest Shah Jahan’s imperial ideal of the Mughal state.

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่

Mughal miniature, the Padshahnama

How to paint on Water for Paper Marbling and Ebru Art.


One good video about the marbling art on water. This original video was created for you by http://epsos.de and there is an original digital signature in the video and the audio. The main idea is to make our world a little better, interesting and more happy.
Painting on water is an interesting form of art. We can paint on gel, dense water, or on top of liquid wax.
The marble paper is a paper for decoration, that is created with a special process that we see in the video. The sheets of Ebru paper have been created since the 18th Century in Turkey and much earlier in China and Japan, because China invented paper more early. Today, the marbling paper is used for decoration and for very expensive books. The Ebru paper is also used for the packaging of very expensive luxury goods and gifts.
The traditional marbled paper was invented in Japan and China. The marbling paper often looks like marble stones. For the painting of the marbling paper in Japan. A shallow container was filled with water, and gelatin or starch. In the past, the natural paint was created from boiled water with plants, herbs and bark of the trees. The modern marbling paint can be synthetic paint.
The artwork was painted on the jelly and then copied with the paper on top of the painting. Today, the special Ebru paint is used. No jelly is needed anymore. The modern Ebru paints swim much better on the surface of the water. The Ebru paints are not mixable with water. The Ebru paint can not mix with water or the other colors, because the different Ebru paints have the different density and size of the molecules. The Ebru colors can be painted into ornamental patterns with different techniques. Natural marble patterns are popular. The Ebru paint can stick to the paper. One heavy sheet of paper must be placed on the Ebru paint in the water. The paper is on top of the Ebru paint, and then it is carefully removed. The paint sticks to the paper. The remains of the Ebru paint can be cleaned with water. The Ebru paint combines with the drying paper, after everything is dry.
Paint with light oil can be used. The Ebru paint with oil does allow to create marbling paper without the jelly in the water. However, the results of the Ebru art from Turkey are different, than the historic Japanese water color paintings on the jelly, because the Ebru patterns can have soft and natural mistakes. The traditional Japanese method of painting on the jelly is more different, because the paint can mix on the jelly with other paint. The Turkish oil colors have a specific granular appearance that can look like a digital painting. Water colors can mix and create a natural emotion on the marbling paper from Japan.
Marble paper is a high quality paper product. Each sheet of marbling paper represents a unique art, because the patters can never be repeated. This is why the marbling paper is so popular for the decoration, because every picture looks different. Marble paper was used for book covers in Europe. Today, many marbling paper designs are produced and sold in Venice and Istanbul. In addition to the real marble paper, there are also cheap imitations from regular printers. The best books have the real marble paper with a printed image on top of that expensive marble paper.
Different tools can be used for the creation of Ebru art. Often, sharp tools are used to create dots and lines. Brushes can be used to create large surfaces. Dots of marbling paint are stretched into different shapes. Ebru art about nature is very popular. Flowers and leafs are very common. The geometric patterns of Ebru art are very easy to create. A comb is moved in the water to create any pattern very fast and for cheap. Real paintings of plants and stars are more difficult, but also more beautiful. A controlled movement of the paper can create a specific shape in the special Ebru art. The dark stripes can break through the lines and create a pattern of natural marble stone.
The marbling on top of objects is also very popular. Special paints are used for creating Ebru art on plastic and metals. These patterns are created by the colors on the surface of water or very liquid jelly with starch. Textiles can also be used, instead of paper. The marbling art has been used for many centuries to decorate many surfaces and materials. The marbling paper is often used as a medium for writing of calligraphy, for posters and for books. Each Ebru art has a different pattern and gives a unique character to any object.
Good health and the happy long life to you !

art painting ebru marbling paint water creative

How to paint on Water for Paper Marbling and Ebru Art.

How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 10 minutes


How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 10 minutes
miniature miniatures miniaturein10minutes

How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 10 minutes

How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 5 minutes


How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 5 minutes
miniature miniatures miniaturein5minutes

How to draw details of persian miniature. Miniature in 5 minutes

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فيفو/ 11 حيلة لعرايس إل أو إل سيبرايز أو إم جي

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูวิธีอื่นๆMusic of Turkey

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