[NEW] Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God | wilson bentley – Pickpeup

wilson bentley: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้

Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God

Wilson (Willie) Bentley (1865-1931) was born on a farm in Jericho, Vermont. Jericho was an ideal place to study snow because it was in the heart of the snowbelt, producing an average annual snowfall of over 120 inches.1 Willie was homeschooled until age 14, then he attended public school for several more years.2 By age 14 he wanted to explore the world of science firsthand:

He went from exploring the vastness of the universe, seen in the heavens through a telescope, to the tiny, nearby world seen under the lens of a microscope. The very first money earned in his early teens was invested in a telescope. At night he would look at the stars and the planets, and by day he observed the sunspots on the face of the sun. But one year later an old microscope was to change his life forever.3

A true experimentalist, he meticulously collected large amounts of data on the weather, and completed a variety of pioneering experiments to understand raindrops, frost, solar wind, and moisture. While he was still a boy, his mother, a school teacher, gave him a microscope that he used to observe everything from flowers to snow—and snow especially fascinated him.4

One of his inspirations to study snow was the Bible verses in Job 38 about the “treasures of the snow.”5 When asked why he took an interest in snow, he answered that

snowflakes were miracles of beauty; and it seemed a shame that this beauty should not be seen and appreciated by others. Every crystal was a masterpiece of design; and no one design was ever repeated. When a snowflake melted, that design was forever lost. Just that much beauty was gone, without leaving any record behind. I became possessed with a great desire to show people something of this wonderful loveliness, an ambition to become, in some measure, its preserver.6

In his study of snowflakes, he learned that almost all snow crystals have six similar branches, and a few very rare ones have three. He at first expected that all snowflakes would be the same, but was surprised to learn that all of those he examined were different. Bentley concluded that, to the best of his knowledge, no snowflake “was an exact duplicate of any other snowflake!,” adding “with profound humility, we acknowledge that the Great Designer is incomparable and unapproachable in the infinite prodigality and beauty of His works.”7

At age 15 he began drawing snowflakes while looking at them through his microscope—no easy task, because most of them melted before he could complete a drawing. At age 16 he learned about a camera that could be used with a microscope. His parents saved the money—and when Willie was 17 they bought him the camera.8 It took him over a year of failures before he finally achieved his goal—a photograph of a snowflake, the first one ever taken. To obtain his pictures, he had to create a complex system that required working rapidly to achieve a photograph before the snowflakes melted.9 Each year he was able to produce at least a few photos—but in some years he managed to make hundreds!

He also carefully studied snowflakes, learning that cold, wind, and moisture variations could produce very differently shaped snowflakes. For example, very cold weather produced three-sided snowflakes.10 He learned that temperatures close to zero degrees were ideal for his work; if the temperature was too warm, the snowflakes melted too fast, and if too cold, they were too brittle and easily shattered like glass.11

One interviewer wrote concerning her trip to Bentley’s home in Jericho that her visit gave her a

reason for feeling humble. Out in that remote farmhouse, I sat until far into the night listening to an extraordinary story, the story of how the Great Designer found an interpreter in an insignificant country boy.12

Blanchard wrote that Bentley “saw God in the workings of the universe and in particular in the splendor and grandeur of the snow crystals…he was familiar with the Bible, for in two or three of his articles on snow crystals he quoted some scripture.”13 His work has inspired many a sermon, and one example is below:

In 1925 Bentley said, “Under the microscope….every crystal was a masterpiece of design and no one design was ever repeated….” The biblical sermon becomes a microscope by which the intricacies of God’s design in the world can be seen by others….God uses his creation to declare his glory to us.14

READ  [NEW] BREAK OUT TVにENHYPEN出演!放送日時・視聴方法|shikaのひらめき | break out 番組 - Pickpeup

Bentley believed it is not only “the sheer scope of creation that fills us with praise for the Creator” when examining snowflakes, but the

wonders of God’s handiwork are to be found in the tiniest details of all He has made. One powerful example of this beauty is the intricate design of a snow crystal. Anyone who’s seen snowflakes under a microscope cannot help but be amazed by how beautifully complex they are….Bentley spent nearly fifty years of his life devoted to the study and photography of these fragile jewels. Fascinated both scientifically and artistically by snow crystals, he marveled at what he called the wondrous beauty of the minute in nature. As he observes from the 5,000 photographs of snow crystals he collected, “Under the microscope I found that snowflakes were miracles of beauty.”15

Bentley learned that the reason no two snowflakes are exactly alike is because all ice crystals—whether shaped like simple plates, bullets, needles, solid or hollow columns, dendrites, or sheaths—are hexagonal. As they descend from the clouds, they ride air currents up and down for an hour or more through regions of differing temperatures and humidity that leave their marks on snowflakes’ growth and shape. Given how they form, it is extremely unlikely that two complex snow crystals will end up exactly alike. Blanchard wrote that Bentley was puzzled by the fact that the crystal design variations were endless. He said that the explanation “can only be referred to the will and pleasure of the Great First Cause, whose works, even the most minute and evanescent, and in regions the most removed from human observation, are altogether admirable.”16

Nor are all water molecules perfectly alike—about 1 in 1,000 is atypical because it contains a rare form of hydrogen called deuterium. Since even a small snow crystal has about a thousand million billion water molecules, about a million billion will be “rogues.” Given a trillion trillion crystals per year falling on earth, the chance of two ever having the exact same water molecule design is essentially zero. The only exception would be tiny crystals with only ten molecules or so, which might be identical to some other crystal.

Bentley became the world’s leading authority on snowflakes, and was even selected to write the article in the Encyclopedia Britannica on snow.17 University of Wisconsin professor W. B. Snow bought Bentley’s photographs for years. After Professor Snow had received the 1916-17 picture set from Bentley, he wrote to him as follows:

They are beautiful and give me the most exquisite pleasure, as they will do over and over again, for I shall see them repeatedly during the coming year. You are doing a great work in enabling students and scientists, and people in many walks of life, to see and to appreciate the infinity and prodigality as well as the beauty of nature.18

Bentley also sold his photographs to universities and published them in leading science magazines, including Nature and The National Geographic Magazine.19 At age 66 Bentley published a large, coffee table-size book of his photographs titled Snow Crystals with McGraw-Hill, which in 1962 was reprinted by Dover and is still available today.20 Less than two weeks after his book was published, he walked six miles home in a snowstorm, caught pneumonia, and died two weeks later.


As a “man of science and man of God,” Willie Bentley made important contributions to several fields of science, including meteorology, physics, and chemistry.21 One writer concluded after interviewing Bentley that he specialized in photographing water in some form, including

curious forms of hailstones, raindrops, clouds, still pools, and running streams….But it is the snow that commands his really passionate interest. When he said that he wouldn’t change places with Ford or Rockefeller, there was a ring of exultation in his voice. The indifference and ridicule of some people doesn’t hurt—very much. He feels that he is serving the Great Designer; capturing the evanescent loveliness which, but for him, would be unappreciated—even unseen. And with that role he is content.22

READ  [Update] 第三回ゲスト:杉作J太郎 - コラム | 杉作j太郎のどっきりナイトナイトナイト - Pickpeup

And Levi Smith, president of the local Jericho city bank, said “Mr. Bentley…was very much interested in what the good God had done in the way of snowflakes.”23

Bentley’s work is still honored today24 and has inspired new, vastly improved techniques of photographing the beauty of snowflakes, one of the wonders of God’s creation.25


  1. Martin, J. B. 1998. Snowflake Bentley. New York: Scholastic Inc.
  2. Blanchard, D. C. 1998. The Snowflake Man: A Biography of Wilson A. Bentley. Blacksburg, VA: McDonald and Woodward, 16.
  3. Ibid, 19.
  4. Stoddard, G. M. 1985. Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God. Shelburne, VT: New England Press, 3.
  5. Ibid, 13.
  6. Blanchard, Snowflake Man, 22.
  7. Mullet, M. B. February 1925. The Snowflake Man. The American Magazine. 99: 29.
  8. Stoddard, Snowflake Bentley, 22.
  9. Bentley, W. A. 1922. Photographing Snowflakes. Popular Mechanics Magazine. 37: 309-312.
  10. Stoddard, Snowflake Bentley, 33.
  11. Ibid, 29.
  12. Mullet, The Snowflake Man, 29.
  13. Blanchard, Snowflake Man, 18.
  14. Eswine, Z. 2008. Preaching to a Post-Everything World: Crafting Biblical Sermons That Connect with our Culture. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 163-164.
  15. Redman, M. 2004. FaceDown. Ventura, CA: Regal Books, 76.
  16. Blanchard, Snowflake Man, 59.
  17. Bentley, W. A. 1945. Snow. Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 20. Chicago: The University of Chicago, 854-855.
  18. Mullet, The Snowflake Man, 30.
  19. Bentley, W. A. January 1923. The Magic Beauty of Snow and Dew. National Geographic Magazine, 103, 112.
  20. Bentley, W. A. 1931. Snow Crystals. New York: McGraw-Hill; Bentley, W. A. 1962. Snow Crystals. New York: Dover.
  21. Stoddard, Snowflake Bentley.
  22. Mullet, The Snowflake Man, 31.
  23. Blanchard, Snowflake Man, 184.
  24. Begley, S. and J. Carey. Snow’s Flaky Little Secrets. Newsweek, December 26, 1983, 64; Kemp, M. 2006. The Snowflake Man: Wilson Bentley’s Photographs of Snow Crystals Strike a Chord with Us All. Nature. 444 (7122): 1008; Holden, C. 2010. The Art of Snowflakes. Science. 327 (5966): 627.
  25. Libbrecht, K. 2008. Snowflakes: Featuring the Amazing Micro-Photography of Kenneth Libbrecht. Minneapolis, MN: Voyageur Press.

* Dr. Bergman is an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Toledo Medical School in Ohio.

Cite this article: Bergman, J. 2011. Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God. Acts & Facts. 40 (12): 12-14.

\”The Snowflake Man\” (a short film about Snowflake Bentley)

A short documentary about Snowflake Bentley Wilson A. Bentley (18651931), the first man to ever photograph a snowflake.

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่


Snowflake Bentley Read Aloud

Snowflake Bentley
Written by Jacqueline Briggs Martin
Illustrated by Mary Azarian
My Amazon Link: https://amzn.to/2yC700Z
Please support the authors and publishers of these amazing books by purchasing a copy for your home library. There’s nothing like holding an actual book in your hand and turning its pages to fully experience the story. These are books your family will treasure and read over and over again! Thank you so very much for watching!
Don’t forget to subscribe to stay uptodate on my latest videos.

Snowflake Bentley Read Aloud

Albert Einstein – Kẻ Lữ Hành Đơn Độc, Một Mình Thay Đổi Thế Giới Và Thâu Tóm Vũ Trụ

Albert Einstein Kẻ Lữ Hành Đơn Độc, Một Mình Thay Đổi Cả Thế Giới Và Thâu Tóm Vũ Trụ
Cả thế giới đều thừa nhận EINSTEIN là nhà Vật Lý xuất sắc nhất của mọi thời đại. Đã có không biết bao nhiêu công trình, giai thoại, bài vở,…viết về con người ông. Càng tìm hiểu, người ta càng phát hiện ở nhà khoa học thiên tài này có bao nhiêu điều nghịch lý. Ông từng tuyên bố “\”Tôi thực sự là một lữ hành đơn độc và chưa bao giờ thuộc về đất nước tôi, ngôi nhà tôi, bạn bè tôi và ngay cả gia đình tôi nữa\”.

Cám ơn bạn đã xem video Albert Einstein Kẻ Lữ Hành Đơn Độc, Một Mình Thay Đổi Thế Giới Và Thâu Tóm Vũ Trụ
Đăng kí theo dõi kênh tại đây: http://bit.ly/2fILwng
Fanpage Người Nổi Tiếng: http://bit.ly/1QjTuzn
Group Người Nổi Tiếng: http://bit.ly/2uOuo9p
Website Người Nổi Tiếng 102: http://nguoinoitieng102.vn/

READ  [NEW] Dolphin Emulator: Giả lập Wii và Gamecube trên máy tính | dolphin emulator - Pickpeup

Những video có thể bạn thích:
Những Phát Minh Kỳ Dị Của ‘Nhà Bác Học Điên’ Nikola Tesla Khiến Cả Thế Giới Thán Phục: http://bit.ly/2AkEihm
5 Phát Minh Có Thể Cứu Cả Thế Giới Trong Tương Lai: http://bit.ly/2Akl0Jz
Cuộc Đời Bất Hạnh Của Thần Đồng Có Chỉ Số IQ Cao Nhất Thế Giới: http://bit.ly/2AiuWFW
Isaac Newton – Cậu Bé Sinh Non Trở Thành Thiên Tài Xuất Chúng: http://bit.ly/2i4SNBY
Những Nhà Khoa Học Vĩ Đại Nhất Lịch Sử Loài Người: http://bit.ly/2BcpOAE
Số Phận Bi Thảm Của Người “Bẻ Khóa” Thành Công “Mật Mã Bất Khả Xâm Phạm” Của Thế Chiến Thứ 2: http://bit.ly/2tCqBtZ
10 Bí Mật Chưa Từng Tiết Lộ Về “Bá Chủ Thế Giới Một Thời” – Thành Cát Tư Hãn: http://bit.ly/2urp6vk
Tuổi Thơ Bi Kịch Và Hành Trình Chinh Phục Thế Giới Của Vua Hài Sác Lô Charlie Chaplin: http://bit.ly/2BVdGUn
Những Bộ Phim Về Tình Cha Đáng Xem Nhất Của Hollywood: http://bit.ly/2jljnY0
Những ‘Bom Xịt’ Lỗ Vốn Nhất Mọi Thời Đại Của Hollywood: http://bit.ly/2BPt6JU
Cuộc Đời Của Nữ Minh Tinh Hollwood Khởi Xướng Đế Chế Nail Việt Tại Đất Mỹ: http://bit.ly/2Ay0Mf9
Angelina Jolie Từ Gái Hư Làng Giải Trí Đến Bà Hoàng Hollywood Đương Đại: http://bit.ly/2xnWtFs
Câu Chuyện Huyền Thoại Của ‘Trùm Tội Phạm’ Trở Thành Sao Hollywood: http://bit.ly/2wiW1Du
5 Sao ‘Trọc Đầu’ Ăn Khách Nhất Làng Phim Hành Động Hollywood: http://bit.ly/2yuyqEX
Lý Tiểu Long “Đại Chiến” Muhammad Ali: Ai Là Huyền Thoại Của Những Huyền Thoại Võ Thuật?: http://bit.ly/2xMCgc4
Những Ngôi Sao Điện Ảnh Ra Đời Vì Sùng Bái Lý Tiểu Long: http://bit.ly/2xfn2v9
5 Diễn Viên Họ ‘Châu’ Đình Đám Một Thời Của TVB Giờ Ra Sao?: http://bit.ly/2vNLRKQ
7 Diễn Viên Tên ‘Hoa’ Đình Đám Một Thời Của TVB Giờ Ra Sao?: http://bit.ly/2x0YfZa
5 Diễn Viên Tên ‘Vỹ’ Nổi Tiếng Nhất Của TVB Giờ Ra Sao?: http://bit.ly/2wNUhVL
Đế Chế Phim TVB – Từ Quá Khứ Hoàng Kim Đến Hiện Tại Nghèo Nàn Cùng Cực Phần 1: http://bit.ly/2wOyH4o
Cuộc Đời ‘Sóng Gió’ Của Mỹ Nhân Đẹp Nhất Phim Châu Tinh Trì: http://bit.ly/2vQ7nxS
Những ‘Ông Hoàng Vai Phụ’ Của TVB: http://bit.ly/2goAov7
Cao Thủ Phản Diện Hong Kong Quan Hệ Vụng Trộm Với Nhiều Gái Trẻ: http://bit.ly/2gliU2q
Những Tài Tử Họ Trương Nổi Danh TVB Giờ Ra Sao?: http://bit.ly/2xu4nt8
Diễn Viên Gốc ‘Chợ Lớn’ Nổi Danh Ở TVB Bây Giờ Ra Sao? http://bit.ly/2eph0gJ
Sao Võ Thuật Hong Kong: 15 Năm Sự Nghiệp Tan Nát Chỉ Vì 30 Giây Quấy Rối Phụ Nữ: http://bit.ly/2wRYLHZ
Tỷ Phú Jack Ma Và Sai Lầm Lớn Nhất Cuộc Đời Của Người Giàu Nhất Trung Quốc : http://bit.ly/2vD0GDn
Ngô Kinh: Kẻ Điên Dám Phát Nổ Xe Tăng Khiến Cả Cbiz Ngả Mũ: http://bit.ly/2hiLNjK
Tiểu sử Ngô Kinh: http://bit.ly/2soR75A
Những Đại Gia Ngầm Của Showbiz Việt: http://bit.ly/2ltWkGQ
BXH Cát Sê Khủng Của Danh Hài Việt: http://bit.ly/2k2A4Si
Bí Mật Về Những Gia Tộc Giàu Nhất Việt Nam: http://bit.ly/2kLcrzL
3 Chị Em Cẩm Ly Và Khối Tài Sản Tỷ Đo Đáng Mơ Ước? http://bit.ly/2lnyyzB

Albert Einstein - Kẻ Lữ Hành Đơn Độc, Một Mình Thay Đổi Thế Giới Và Thâu Tóm Vũ Trụ

How Do Snowflakes Form?

Snowflake images from Alexey Kljatov: https://www.flickr.com/photos/chaoticmind75/
This week Reactions is taking a microscopic look at snowflake science and how they form. Huge snowstorms and blizzards dump feet of snow from the skies every year, and that means trillions of tiny snowflakes. Through advances in crystallography, scientists have learned a lot about the structure of snowflakes. While they all start pretty much the same, once they start crystallizing, it’s true that no two snowflakes are alike. In fact, the number of possible shapes is staggering.
Find us on all these places:
Subscribe! http://bit.ly/ACSReactions
Facebook! http://facebook.com/ACSReactions
Twitter! http://twitter.com/ACSReactions
Tumblr! http://tumblr.com/ACSReactions
Great infographic on the shapes of snowflakes from Compound Interest:
Music: Crookram Bij De Rest (Creative Commons license)
Elaine Seward
Executive Producer:
Adam Dylewski
Scientific consultants:
Jon Nelson, Ph.D.
Sophia Cai
Darcy Gentleman, Ph.D.
Ever wonder why dogs sniff each others’ butts? Or how Adderall works? Or whether it’s OK to pee in the pool? We’ve got you covered: Reactions a web series about the chemistry that surrounds you every day.

Reactions is produced by the American Chemical Society.

How Do Snowflakes Form?

Snowflake Bentley

Snowflake Bentley

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่Music of Turkey

ขอบคุณมากสำหรับการดูหัวข้อโพสต์ wilson bentley

Leave a Comment