elephant man: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้
Best known as “The Elephant Man,” Joseph Carey Merrick has been the subject of many medical studies, documentaries and works of fiction.
Who Was Joseph Merrick?
At a young age Joseph Merrick began to develop physical deformities that became so extreme that he was forced to become a resident of a workhouse at age 17. Seeking to escape the workhouse several years later, Merrick found his way into a human oddities show in which he was exhibited as “The Elephant Man.”
After an unsuccessful trip to Belgium, Merrick returned to London and was eventually brought to the London Hospital. Unable to care for Merrick, the chairman of the hospital published a letter asking for public support. The resulting donations allowed the hospital to convert several rooms into living quarters for Merrick, where he would be cared for the rest of his life. He died from a broken vertebra on April 11, 1890, at the age of 27.
Early Life and Healthy Childhood
Joseph Carey Merrick was born on August 5, 1862, in Leicester, England, and was by all accounts a healthy child at birth. However, by the age of 5, he had developed patches of lumpy, grayish skin, which his parents attributed to his mother having been frightened by a stampeding elephant during her pregnancy. As Merrick grew older, he developed more severe deformities, until head and body were covered with various bony and fleshy tumors. Yet despite these infirmities, Merrick had a relatively normal childhood and attended the local school.
In 1873, when Merrick was just 11 years old, his mother died of bronchial pneumonia. Merrick would later describe her passing as the “greatest sadness in my life.” His father remarried to their landlady less than a year later, and Merrick left school to seek work, eventually finding a job rolling cigars in a factory. But within two years, his right hand had become so deformed that he could no longer do the work and was forced to leave. His father, who owned a haberdashery, attained a peddler’s license for him and sent him out to the streets to sell his shop’s wares. By this point, however, Merrick’s deformities were so extreme, and his speech so impaired as a result, that people were either frightened of him or unable to understand him, and his efforts were met with little success. When one day his father beat him severely for not earning enough money, Merrick went to live with an uncle briefly before becoming a resident at the Leicester Union Workhouse at age 17. Merrick found life in the workhouse intolerable, but unable to find any other means of supporting himself, he was forced to stay.
The Elephant Man
In 1884, Merrick decided to try to profit from his deformities and escape life in the workhouse. He contacted Sam Torr, the proprietor of a Leicester music hall called the Gaiety Palace of Varieties, and they devised a plan to secure him a spot in a human oddities show. Merrick was soon exhibited as “The Elephant Man, Half-Man, Half-Elephant” to great success in Leicester and Nottingham before eventually traveling to London that November. He wore a cape and veil to conceal his deformities in public, but was often harassed by mobs as he traveled. In London, the Elephant Man exhibit was housed across the street from the London Hospital and was frequently visited by medical students and doctors interested in Merrick’s condition.
Merrick was eventually invited by a surgeon named Frederick Treves to visit the hospital to be examined. The results of Treves’ examination showed that, by that point, Merrick’s deformities had become extreme. His head measured 36 inches in circumference and his right hand 12 inches at the wrist. His body was covered with tumors, and his legs and hip were so deformed that he had to walk with a cane. He was found to be in otherwise good health. Treves presented Merrick to the Pathological Society of London in December of that year, and asked Merrick to visit the hospital for further examination. But Merrick refused, later recalling that the experience made him feel like “an animal in a cattle market.”
To Belgium and Back
By 1885, a distaste for freak shows had developed in Britain and Merrick and his managers decided to try to move The Elephant Man exhibit to Belgium. The show met with only mediocre success, however, and Merrick’s manager there eventually robbed him of his life savings and abandoned him. After finding passage on a ship back to England in June 1886, Merrick was mobbed by a crowd at Liverpool Street Station in London and taken into custody by the police. Unable to understand Merrick, they eventually found Frederick Treves’ business card on him and took him to the London Hospital. Treves examined Merrick at the hospital and found that his condition had severely deteriorated in the previous two years. However, the hospital was considered incapable of caring for “incurables” such as him, and it seemed that Merrick would be forced to fend for himself yet again.
When the chairman of the London Hospital, Carr Gromm, was unable to find another hospital to care for Merrick, he decided to publish a letter in the The Times describing Merrick’s case and asking for help. Gromm’s letter resulted in a sympathetic public outpouring and enough financial donations to provide Merrick with a home for the rest of his life, and in 1887, several rooms in the London Hospital were converted to living quarters for him. Merrick’s notoriety also resulted in his being aided by members of the British upper class, most notably the actress Madge Kendal and Alexandra the Princess of Wales. (Future accounts of Merrick’s life depict him and Kendal interacting in person and having a deep rapport, though it’s believed that this was probably never the case. The actress’ husband, however, did visit Merrick, while Kendal herself helped raise money for Merrick’s care and sent him several gifts.)
Merrick was able to visit the theater on at least one occasion, and made trips to the countryside several times over the next few years. When he was at home, he spent his time conversing with Treves (one of the few people who could understand him) or writing prose and poetry. With the help of nursing staff, he also built an elaborate cardboard cathedral, which he sent to Madge Kendal and which would later be exhibited at the hospital.
Decline and Death
Despite Merrick’s newfound support structure, his condition continued to worsen during his time at the London Hospital. On April 11, 1890, Merrick was discovered dead, lying on his back on his bed. Due to the size of his head, he had for his whole life slept sitting up, with his head resting against his knees. It was initially thought that Merrick had died of asphyxiation due to his head crushing his windpipe, but more than a century later it was instead surmised that he died from a crushed or severed spinal cord after his head fell back due to positioning on the bed. He was 27 years old.
Science and Fiction
After Merrick’s passing, Treves had plaster casts made of his body and preserved his skeleton, which has been kept on permanent display in the collections of the London Hospital. (It has been reported that pop singer Michael Jackson once tried to purchase Merrick’s bones but was refused by the hospital out of respect for Merrick.) Despite Merrick’s own belief that his deformities had been the result of his mother’s encounter with an elephant, the actual causes have been a subject of much discussion since his death. Initially considered to be the result of elephantiasis, the disorder is now thought to be either an extremely severe case of neurofibromatosis and/or the result of a disease known as Proteus syndrome.
The life of Merrick has also been the subject of various artistic interpretations as well. In 1979, a play by Bernard Pomerance called The Elephant Man debuted on Broadway. In later productions of the play, the part of Merrick was played by the likes of David Bowie and Mark Hamill. The following year, an unrelated film of the same name was released. Directed by David Lynch and with John Hurt in the role of Merrick and Anthony Hopkins in the role of Treves, the film tells a mostly accurate version of the events of Merrick’s life. In 2014, a revival production of The Elephant Man starring Bradley Cooper brought Pomerance’s play, and Merrick’s story, back to Broadway.
China’s Elephant Man – My Face Melted: Body Bizarre Episode 7
China’s Elephant Man My Face Melted: Body Bizarre Episode 7
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China’s Elephant Man has had a fourth operation to remove the world’s biggest facial tumour. Huang Chuncai from Hunan Province, China had a huge 25kg facial tumour that hung down to his waist. In a series of four lifesaving operations Huang has had 21kg of the mammoth tumour removed – and can now lead a normal life. The 37yearold has the worst case of Neurofibromatosis ever recorded and he could barely move, eat or sleep. The rare condition causes excessive sell growth and tumours that melted Huang’s face.
Huang’s story will appear in a new series of Body Bizarre, which airs every Thursday at 9pm on TLC.
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Grimsby – Behind the scenes on the elephant’s vagina scene
A behind the scenes glimpse and THAT scene from Sacha BaronCohen’s Grimsby
ELEPHANT KILLS CROCODILE
This unlucky crocodile found itself right underneath the feet of the world’s largest land mammal – the African Elephant, and, unfortunately, did not make it to see another day.
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Elephants are generally peaceful and extremely caring animals; however, females can become very aggressive when protecting a young calf. In fact, male elephants in musth can be just as aggressive. We have shared footage of an elephant walking up to a buffalo, stabbing it and calmly then walking away. (https://youtu.be/xkqh2sRFeOU). Not to mention this elephant trampling a rhino AND her calf at a waterhole! (https://youtu.be/9LITVqyKcN8)
And, probably the most related to this, was an elephant flicking a hippo into the air. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=miCZsTscM0)
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But, an elephant attacking a crocodile is a first for Latest Sightings. The unique sighting was captured by Hans Henrik Haahr while on safari in Zambia.
Crocodiles are opportunistic hunters and have been known to prey on baby elephants. This mother elephant was not taking any chances and was not happy with the crocodile being so close to her young calf –to protect her calf, she removed the threat of the crocodile entirely.
You can even see the elephant is lactating.
She went up to the crocodile and started pushing it with her trunk and head, her behaviour got very aggressive, and she started trampling the crocodile. If you notice, the elephant doesn’t have tusks, so she is resorting to using her mouth for most of the attack. She even went as far as wrapping her trunk around the crocodile’s tail and tossing it around while trampling it.
The continuous trampling by the female elephant weighing between 2,700 and 3,600 kg resulted in the inevitable death of the crocodile. Hans said he had almost no words to describe the interaction, just that it was “shocking!”
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“The True Story of the Elephant Man” – Definitive 1997 BBC Documentary
Narrated by actor John Hurt, this is an outstanding and engrossing documentary that delivers deep into the true story of one of the most unique men of the 19th century. This is the project that also first diagnosed Merrick’s most likely condition the ultrarare proteus syndrome a rare disorder with a genetic background that can cause tissue overgrowth involving all three embryonic lineages. Patients with Proteus syndrome tend to have an increased risk of embryonic tumor development. However, the exact condition suffered by Joseph Merrick is still not known with 100% certainty.
“The True Story of Joseph Merrick: ‘The Elephant Man’” originally aired on May 27th 1997 as part of “Q.E.D.” the Award Winning BBC 1 Science Documentary Series in the UK. It aired on Discovery in the US in the early 2000s.
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🔥 Best of Elephant Man: \”Energy Gad\” Dancing Tunes (NEW) Mix by DJ Alkazed 🇯🇲
Remember When Da Energy Gad Had Dancehall In A Frenzy With His Dancing Moves \u0026 Songs? Well Here Are Some of Those Classic Tunes For Your Enjoyment.
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01. Gully Creepa 00:14
02. Gangsta Rock 02:04
03. Nuh Linga 03:56
04. Log On 05:51
05. Online 07:33
06. Wining Queen 08:54
07. Sweep 11:04
08. Step Ova 13:04
09. Bogle Move 15:00
10. Dancing Fun 16:51
11. Boosie Bounce 18:24
12. Pon Di River 20:13
13. Dancing Time 22:49
14. Do The Right Thing 24:41
15. Signal The Plane 26:28
16. Blase 28:32
17. Egyptian Dance 30:26
18. Represent 32:19
19. Dancing Forever 34:04
20. Dance And Sweep 35:19
21. Mad Instruments Dance 36:38
22. Ele Melody 37:57
23. Willie Bounce 39:16
24. Fan Dem Off 40:51
25. Father Elephant 42:34
26. Genie Dance 43:59
27. Revival Dip 45:23
28. Sesame Street 46:59
29. Jook Gal (Twista \u0026 Youngbloodz) 49:08
30. Find It 51:06
31. Over Di Wall 52:36
32. Krazy Hype 54:23
33. Too Badmind 55:57
34. Chaka Chaka Dance 57:45
35. Warm Up 59:14
36. Keeping It Jiggy 01:00:25
37. Whine Up (Kat DeLuna) 01:01:48
38. Summer Bounce 01:03:18
39. Bad Man Style 01:04:42
40. Drop Dead 01:06:33
Content Disclaimer! The songs Listed In This Video Are Not Owned By Me, They Belong To It’s Respective Owners.
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่Music of Turkey
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