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At the age of 73, while on his way to vespers, Antoni Gaudí was struck down by a trolley car, and he died from the injuries a few days later. After his death, Gaudí was buried in the Sagrada Família, where work continued into the 21st century.

Of humble origins, Antoni Gaudí was born in Reus, Catalonia, the youngest of five children. His father was one of a long line of coppersmiths. Gaudí never married, but his father and a niece lived with him later in life.

Showing an early interest in architecture, Antoni Gaudí went to study in Barcelona in 1869/70 and entered the Provincial School of Architecture in 1874. His studies were interrupted by military service and other intermittent activities, but he graduated in 1878.

Much of Antoni Gaudí’s career was occupied with the construction of the Sagrada Família in Barcelona. It was unfinished at his death in 1926. Other notable projects included Park Güell, Casa Milá, and Casa Batlló, all also in Barcelona.

Antoni Gaudí was a Catalan architect whose distinctive style is characterized by freedom of form, voluptuous colour and texture, and organic unity. The close integration between the construction, form, and decoration of Gaudí’s buildings reveals his interest in nature and his belief that the structure of a natural object informs its shape and embellishment.

Antoni Gaudí , Catalan in full Antoni Gaudí i Cornet , Spanish Antonio Gaudí y Cornet , (born June 25, 1852, Reus , Spain—died June 10, 1926, Barcelona), Catalan architect , whose distinctive style is characterized by freedom of form, voluptuous colour and texture, and organic unity. Gaudí worked almost entirely in or near Barcelona . Much of his career was occupied with the construction of the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family (Sagrada Família), which was unfinished at his death in 1926.

Life

Gaudí was born in provincial Catalonia on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. Of humble origins, he was the son of a coppersmith who was to live with him in later life, together with a niece; Gaudí never married. Showing an early interest in architecture, he went in 1869/70 to study in Barcelona, then the political and intellectual centre of Catalonia as well as Spain’s most modern city. He did not graduate until eight years later, his studies having been interrupted by military service and other intermittent activities.

Gaudí’s style of architecture went through several phases. On emergence from the Provincial School of Architecture in Barcelona in 1878, he practiced a rather florid Victorianism that had been evident in his school projects, but he quickly developed a manner of composing by means of unprecedented juxtapositions of geometric masses, the surfaces of which were highly animated with patterned brick or stone, gay ceramic tiles, and floral or reptilian metalwork. The general effect, although not the details, is Moorish—or Mudéjar, as Spain’s special mixture of Muslim and Christian design is called. Examples of his Mudéjar style are the Casa Vicens (1878–80) and El Capricho (1883–85) and the Güell Estate and Güell Palace of the later 1880s, all but El Capricho located in Barcelona. Next, Gaudí experimented with the dynamic possibilities of historic styles: the Gothic in the Episcopal Palace, Astorga (1887–93), and the Casa de los Botines, León (1892–94); and the Baroque in the Casa Calvet at Barcelona (1898–1904). But after 1902 his designs elude conventional stylistic nomenclature.

Except for certain overt symbols of nature or religion, Gaudí’s buildings became essentially representations of their structure and materials. In his Villa Bell Esguard (1900–02) and the Güell Park (1900–14), in Barcelona, and in the Colonia Güell Church (1898–c. 1915), south of that city, he arrived at a type of structure that has come to be called equilibrated—that is, a structure designed to stand on its own without internal bracing, external buttressing, and the like—or, as Gaudí observed, as a tree stands. Among the primary elements of his system were piers and columns that tilt to transmit diagonal thrusts, and thin-shell, laminated tile vaults that exert very little thrust. Gaudí applied his equilibrated system to two multistoried Barcelona apartment buildings: the Casa Batlló (1904–06), a renovation that incorporated new equilibrated elements, notably the facade; and the Casa Milá (1905–10), the several floors of which are structured like clusters of tile lily pads with steel-beam veins. As was so often his practice, he designed the two buildings, in their shapes and surfaces, as metaphors of the mountainous and maritime character of Catalonia.

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As an admired, if eccentric, architect, Gaudí was an important participant in the Renaixensa, an artistic revival of the arts and crafts combined with a political revival in the form of fervent anti-Castilian “Catalanism.” Both movements sought to reinvigorate the way of life in Catalonia that had long been suppressed by the Castilian-dominated and Madrid-centred government in Spain. The religious symbol of the Renaixensa in Barcelona was the church of the Holy Family, a project that was to occupy Gaudí throughout his entire career. He was commissioned to build this church as early as 1883, but he did not live to see it finished. Working on it, he became increasingly pious; after 1910 he abandoned virtually all other work and even secluded himself on its site and resided in its workshop. In his 75th year, while on his way to vespers, he was struck down by a trolley car, and he died from the injuries. After Gaudí’s death, work continued on the Sagrada Família well into the 21st century. In 2010 the uncompleted church was consecrated as a basilica by Pope Benedict XVI.

In his drawings and models for the church of the Holy Family (only one transept with one of its four towers was finished at his death), Gaudí equilibrated the cathedral-Gothic style beyond recognition into a complexly symbolic forest of helicoidal piers, hyperboloid vaults and sidewalls, and a hyperbolic paraboloid roof that boggle the mind and outdo the bizarre concrete shells built throughout the world in the 1960s by engineers and architects inspired by Gaudí. Apart from this and a similar, often uncritical, admiration for Gaudí by Surrealist and Abstract Expressionist painters and sculptors, Gaudí’s influence was quite local, represented mainly by a few devotees of his equilibrated structure. He was ignored during the 1920s and ’30s, when the International Style was the dominant architectural mode. By the 1960s, however, he came to be revered by professionals and laymen alike for the boundless and tenacious imagination that he used to attack each design challenge with which he was presented.


Who is ANTONI GAUDI? (ft La Sagrada Familia, Casa Mila \u0026 Church of Colonia Guell)


Who is Antoni Gaudi?
Antoni Guadi was Barcelona based spanish architect whose designs were often greatly inspired by nature in the late 1800s/early 1900s.
Born in Catalonia 1852, he showed an early love and enthusiasm for architecture. He studied in Barcelona and graduated from the Provincial School of Architecture in 1978 after completing military service.
During the same year, he displayed a showcase he’d produced at the Paris Worlds Fair. , It impressed everyone attending including a patron that lead to Gaudi working on the Guel Estate and Guell Palace. 5 years later, he was given the opportunity to design and construct Basilica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia (the Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family). Previous drawings and construction had already started to begin, but Guadi changed the design so much it was almost unrecognisable from the original drawings.
In the 1890s he experimented with designing gothic and baroque architecture, including some designs that will be shown later in the video.
In the 1900s his designs were so different that classification of his work became impossible. His own style of architecture, equilibrated architecture, means that a structure can stand on its own without internal bracing, or external buttressing. His equilibrated systems was used when constructing two now famous Barcelona apartment Casa Batllo and Casa Mila.
In 1910 everything changed as he dropped all his work to focus on designing La Sagrada Familia, which he had initially started in 1883. He literally lived onsite in his workshop. The church again used his equilibrated methods, but also took some styles from cathedral gothic and Art Nouveau styles. Mixing all these styles meant that he again presented something unrecognisable.
He died suddenly in 1926 after being hit by a trolley car. His Sagrada Familia masterpiece is due to be completely built in 2026, to mark the 100 year anniversary of his death.
The following are some of his best designs throughout his career.
5) Church of Colonia Guell
Although unfinished by Guadi, it is still incredible to think what it would have looked like if the Spanish architect has completed it. He was initially given unlimited funds an architect’s dream but the Guell family cut funding after deciding it would be too big for a small town.
4) Casa Botines
With the Casa Botines, Gaudí wanted to pay tribute to León’s emblematic buildings meaning he designed with a medieval touch and multiple neogothic characteristics. The foundations of the Casa de los Botines were largly debated during the building’s construction. Gaudí had envisioned a continuous base, the same type as the city’s cathedral. However, local technicians insisted on constructing on pilotis to make the floor, which was located at a great depth, more resistant. Despite rumors that the building would collapse during construction, the house has never had structural problems
3) El Capricho de Guadi
The importance of the Capricho is that they are the first buildings of Gaudí and, therefore, very important works for the evolution of his career as an architect. The buildings success was essential for the trajectory of the whole of his works and defining his style
2) Casa Mila
The name, ‘Casa Milà’ comes from the fact that it was the new home of the Milà family. The couple occupied the main floor and rented out the other apartments. Also Known as La Pedrera (stone quarry) because it resembles an open quarry in appearance, the building features forms drawn from nature.
It was Gaudi’s last work of civic architecture and represented a break with the conventions of his day
1) La Sagrada Familia
What else could number 1 have been? From the start, Gaudi scrapped the original neoGothic design plans and exchanged them for a grander vision, unlike any the world had seen. Gaudi, once knowing that he could never fully complete the church said “There is no reason to regret that I cannot finish the church. I will grow old but others will come after me. What must always be conserved is the spirit of the work, but its life has to depend on the generations it is handed down to and with whom it lives and is incarnated”. Until his death in 1926, it’s estimated that only 1525 had been fully constructed.

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Who is ANTONI GAUDI? (ft La Sagrada Familia, Casa Mila \u0026 Church of Colonia Guell)

Gaudi – Bethe Bethe Kese Kese


Bethe Bethe Kese Kese by Gaudi + Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan\r
(Six Degrees Records)\r
\r
For more information visit: http://sixdegreesrecords.com/artists.php?artist=Gaudi\r
\r
Also check out Gaudi’s Official Site: http://gaudimusic.com and Six Degrees Records:http://sixdegreesrecords.com

Gaudi - Bethe Bethe Kese Kese

Gaudi with Mad Professor – Cinematic Dub


Listen and download \”Cinematic Dub\” by Gaudi with Mad Professor from https://gaudimusic.bandcamp.com/ or https://smarturl.it/theremindubs
http://www.gaudimusic.com/
https://www.facebook.com/gaudimusic/
https://www.instagram.com/gaudimusic/
https://soundcloud.com/gaudi
https://twitter.com/gaudi_music
Track taken from \”100 Years of Theremin (The Dub Chapter)\”: https://smarturl.it/theremindubs
INFO
To celebrate 100 years of the Theremin, super producer Gaudi and friends have created an album of Theremin infused dub.
Developed in 1920 by Russian physicist Léon Theremin, the Theremin is an electronic device which works with magnetic fields and consists of one metal antenna controlled without physical contact. Predominantly a fairly niche instrument, it has featured in several styles of music since its creation, from classical works to scifi movie soundtracks, pop and rock.
Gaudi was supported in this tribute by five of the world’s top dub producers Mad Professor, Adrian Sherwood, Scientist, Dennis Bovell and Prince Fatty. All hugely respected individuals who have been representing the best of international dub production for the last 50 years, they have provided the riddims that underpin Gaudi’s Theremin playing on this astonishing project.
As a solo artist, Gaudi has recorded over 20 albums, while as a producer he has hundreds of productions under his belt. In his 30 year career he has worked with legends of the reggae and electronic music worlds including Steel Pulse, Lee \”Scratch\” Perry, Michael Rose, Horace Andy, Michael Franti, Zion Train, Maxi Priest, The Beat, Sizzla, Dub Pistols, Hollie Cook, Dub FX, Youth, The Orb, Simple Minds, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Deep Forest, Trentemøller and Lamb.
As a Theremin player for over 25 years, Gaudi has often combined his passion for the instrument and for reggae music, playing it on several of his albums, but until now he has never dedicated an entire release to it. Known and lauded for putting his \”dubtake\” on many musical genres, ‘100 Years of Theremin (The Dub Chapter)’ is Gaudi’s brainchild.
Listening to this blissful outofbodyexperience of an album, where roots reggae meets the enigmatic and ethereal sounds of scifi, is a deep and pensive experience. Haunting and mellifluous melodies meets earthy, bassy grooves in an unlikely yet undeniably successful union.

Gaudi with Mad Professor - Cinematic Dub

GAUDI – AYAHUASCA DEEP DUB (videoclip)


Track \”Ayahuasca Deep Dub\”, by Gaudi.
Taken from the album \”Dub, Sweat \u0026 Tears\”
© SIX DEGREES RECORDS 2015
www.gaudimusic.com
www.sixdegreesrecords.com

GAUDI  -   AYAHUASCA DEEP DUB     (videoclip)

Antoni Gaudi – “Kiến Trúc Sư Của Chúa”, Cha Đẻ Của 7 Di Sản Văn Hóa Thế Giới


Antoni Gaudi “Kiến Trúc Sư Của Chúa”, Cha Đẻ Của 7 Di Sản Văn Hóa Thế Giới
Nhắc đến những kiến trúc sư vĩ đại trên thế giới, cái tên Antoni Gaudi xứng đáng đứng ở một vị trí trang trọng. Đã có biết bao người phải choáng ngợp và nghiêng mình thán phục trước các công trình kỳ vĩ, có một không hai của ông. Dấu ấn kiến trúc mà Antoni Gaudi để lại vô cùng to lớn, đến mức năm 2002, nhân kỷ niệm 150 năm ngày sinh của ông, nhiều người đã phải thốt lên rằng: “Không có Antoni Gaudi thì không có Barcelona, không có Barcelona thì không có Tây Ban Nha”.
Nguồn: homeaz.vn, thethaovanhoa.vn, wanderlusttips.com, baotintuc.vn

Antoni Gaudi - “Kiến Trúc Sư Của Chúa”, Cha Đẻ Của 7 Di Sản Văn Hóa Thế Giới

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่Music of Turkey

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